The Eleventh Century: Saxon England, 1000-1100,
the world of cuthwin
Psalm 35: Men on the mountains and beasts below;
five children of men in a portico with an angel (centre)
and fountains with birds spouting water into goblets;
wicked people are driven into a pit by an angel (left).
Origin: England, S. E. (Canterbury), Christ Church Cathedral Priory.
Detail of a note, in Anglo-Saxon, of the admission of Cnut (d. 1035), king of England, of Denmark, and of Norway, and his brother Harold into the confraternity, probably of Christ Church, Canterbury, certified by the names of brothers Ðorð, Kartoca, and Thuri.
Origin: England, S. E. (Christ Church, Canterbury)
Weighing 5.6kg and measuring 680mm in length, the Lyminge coulter is, by a considerable margin, the most substantial agricultural implement yet discovered from early Anglo-Saxon England.
Plaster cast of the Saxon sundial on Kirkdale Church, Yorks: Originally made 1055-1064 CE; reproduction cast made 1935-1958. It marks the daylight period into four equal periods, using a horizontal gnomon which is now missing.
The Saxon sundial on the Minster of St Gregory at Kirkdale, North Yorkshire, splits the day into the Canonical hours of Christianity. The sundial is inscribed in Old English, and the original was flanked by an inscription on either side, reading:
"Orm Gamal's son bought St. Gregory's minster when it was all broken down and ruined, and he had it built anew from the ground for Christ and St. Gregory in the days of King Edward and of Earl Tostig."
On the dial itself is: "This is the day's sun-marker, at every tide."
"And Haward wrought me and Brand priest."
The references to Edward the Confessor and Earl Tostig Godwinson allows us to date the reconstruction of the church, and the construction of the sundial, to between 1055 and 1065 CE.